Details

Glutamate Receptors in Peripheral Tissue


Glutamate Receptors in Peripheral Tissue

Excitatory Transmission Outside the CNS

von: Santokh Gill, Olga Pulido

190,39 €

Verlag: Springer
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 31.01.2007
ISBN/EAN: 9780306486449
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 420

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Beschreibungen

Glutamate receptors (GluRs) in the central nervous system have been the subject of intense investigations for several decades, providing new avenues for the understanding of excitatory neurotransmission, excitotoxicity, mechanisms of injury, and therapeutics for several acute neurological conditions, such as brain trauma, and for neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric disorders including addictions, Alzheimer disease, etc. Evidences of GluRs beyond the central nervous system were first reported in the early 1990s. When the idea of this book was conceived, the knowledge, specificity, and functional significance of GluRs in peripheral tissues was still in its embryonic stage. From our perspective, the idea of GluRs in peripheral tissues arose from our research on seafood toxins (see Chapter 1), and has now been reinforced by the results of other scientists working in similar areas. In this book, we have invited some of the leading authorities in the field to summarize their findings and to provide a framework for further investigations. The book is divided into three sections— Part I is on general concepts and concentrates on the distribution and cell-specific localiza­ tion of glutamate receptors, their transporters, and the pharmacology in peripheral tissues and organs. Part II emphasizes the presence and implications of these receptors in specific target tissues, organs, and systems, including liver, lungs, endocrine tissues, bone, immune system, etc. Part III focuses on glutamate receptors in plants to illustrate their presence beyond the animal kingdom.
Glutamate receptors (GluRs) in the central nervous system have been the subject of intense investigations for several decades, providing new avenues for the understanding of excitatory neurotransmission, excitotoxicity, mechanisms of injury, and therapeutics for several acute neurological conditions, such as brain trauma, and for neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric disorders including addictions, Alzheimer disease, etc. Evidences of GluRs beyond the central nervous system were first reported in the early 1990s. When the idea of this book was conceived, the knowledge, specificity, and functional significance of GluRs in peripheral tissues was still in its embryonic stage. From our perspective, the idea of GluRs in peripheral tissues arose from our research on seafood toxins (see Chapter 1), and has now been reinforced by the results of other scientists working in similar areas. In this book, we have invited some of the leading authorities in the field to summarize their findings and to provide a framework for further investigations. The book is divided into three sections— Part I is on general concepts and concentrates on the distribution and cell-specific localiza­ tion of glutamate receptors, their transporters, and the pharmacology in peripheral tissues and organs. Part II emphasizes the presence and implications of these receptors in specific target tissues, organs, and systems, including liver, lungs, endocrine tissues, bone, immune system, etc. Part III focuses on glutamate receptors in plants to illustrate their presence beyond the animal kingdom.
General Concepts.- Glutamate Receptors in Peripheral Tissues: Distribution and Implications for Toxicology.- Glutamate Receptor Pharmacology: Lessons Learned from the Last Decade of Stroke Trials.- Expression of Non-Organelle Glutamate Transporters to Support Peripheral Tissue Function.- Anticancer Effects of Glutamate Antagonists.- Glutamate Receptors and their Role in Acute and Inflammatory Pain.- Specific Target Tissues, Organs, and Systems.- The Vertebrate Retina.- Glutamate Receptors in Taste Receptor Cells.- Glutamate Receptors in Endocrine Tissues.- Adrenal Glutamate Receptors: A Role in Stress and Drug Addiction?.- Glutamate Receptors in the Stomach and their Implications.- Glutamate Toxicity in Lung and Airway Disease.- Glutamate: Teaching Old Bones New Tricks—Implications for Skeletal Biology.- Expression and Function of Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors in Liver.- Neuroexcitatory Signaling in Immune Tissues.- Platelet Glutamate Receptors as a Window into Psychiatric Disorders.- Non-Mammalian Organisms.- Analysis of Glutamate Receptor Genes in Plants: Progress and Prospects.
Editors were the first to show their presence outside the CNS using molecular biology techniques and immunohistochemistry
First text devoted exclusively to these receptors in peripheral tissues

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