International Handbook of Juvenile Justice

International Handbook of Juvenile Justice

von: Josine Junger-Tas, Scott H. Decker

343,91 €

Verlag: Springer
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 02.09.2006
ISBN/EAN: 9781402049705
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 549

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This comprehensive reference work presents inside information on the Juvenile Justice-systems in 19 different countries, both in old and new EU-member states and in the United States and Canada. The book is the result of research conducted by a group of outstanding researchers, who are concerned about trends in Juvenile Justice in the last two decades, which blur the border between criminal and juvenile justice.
In 2000 several European academics decided it was time to launch a European Society of Criminology. From the start the new Society encouraged the creation of working groups on specialized topics. One of the first such working groups was focused on “juvenile justice,” launched by the first author of this book. The idea for this book emerged from concerns about recent developments in juvenile justice in our own countries, developments that were leading toward an evermore punitive, but not necessarily more effective, system in juvenile justice. To our surprise numerous Society members specializing in the field of Juvenile Delinquency and Youth Justice shared these sentiments and joined the working group. In addition, some American and Canadian experts became ESC members and were interested in joining the working group, adding an international dim- sion to our undertaking. The working group was guided by several key qu- tions. How have different states developed their juvenile justice system in the last 25 years, and if one compares countries, to what extent are these developments similar or different? To be more precise: to what degree has the Welfare system that had existed for most of the 20th century changed into a Just Desert and more punitive system in these countries? The present book tries to answer these questions for a great number of European and two North American countries in a comparative perspective, including 19 national reports on juvenile justice and
Preface. Foreword.
PART I: THE ANGLO-SAXON ORIENTATION. 1. Punishment and Control: Juvenile Justice Reform in the United States. 2. Canada’s Juvenile Justice System: Promoting Community-based Responses to Youth Crime. 3. Beyond Welfare Versus Justice: Juvenile Justice in England and Wales. 4. Mainstreaming Restorative Justice for Young Offenders through Youth Conferencing - the Experience of Northern Ireland. 5. Transition and Reform: Juvenile Justice in the Republic of Ireland. 6. Between Just Desert and Welfare: Juvenile Justice in the Netherlands.
PART II: WESTERN CONTINENTAL EUROPE. 7. The French Juvenile Justice System. 8. Surviving of the Protection Model? Competing Goals in Belgian Juvenile Justice. 9. Between Tolerance and Repression: Juvenile Justice in Germany. 10. Austria: A Protection System 11. The Swiss Federal Statute on Juvenile Criminal Law. 12. The Emerging Juvenile Justice System in Greece. 13. Continuity and Change in the Spanish Juvenile Justice System.
PART III: EASTERN EUROPE. 14. Continuity in the Welfare Approach - Juvenile Justice in Poland. 15. Restorative Approach and Alternative Methods: Juvenile Justice Reform in the Czech Republic. 16. Welfare versus Neo-Liberalism - Juvenile Justice in Slovenia. 17. Legal and Actual Treatment of Juveniles within the Juvenile Justice System of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
PART IV: TWO SPECIAL SYSTEMS. 18. The End of an Era? - Youth Justice in Scotland. 19. Keeping the Balance between Humanism and Penal Punitiveness - Recent trends in Juvenile Delinquency and Juvenile Justice in Sweden. 20. Trends in International Juvenile Justice: what Conclusions can be drawn?

Josine Junger-Tas studied Sociology at the Free University of Brussels (Belgium) and obtained her PhD degree in the Netherlands at the University of Groningen. She was employed by the Dutch Ministry of Justice in its Research Institute and was appointed as Director of the Institute in 1989. She was active in the Council of Europe chairing an Expert Committee on Juvenile Delinquency in 1989. In 1992 she was appointed member of its Scientific Council. She was also active in the United Nations, where she also did preparatory work for the UN Criminology congresses. In 1989 she received the Sellin-Glueck Award from the American Society of Criminology for her ‘Contributions to Criminology’. In 1994 she was appointed professor of Youth Criminology at the University of Lausanne in Switzerland. She taught Self-report methodology at the University of Cambridge for three years and since 2002 she is visiting professor at the University of Utrecht. In 2000 the University of Lausanne awarded her an Honorary doctorate. In the same year -with several colleagues- she launched the European Society of Criminology. At the first ESC conference in Lausanne she was elected the first ESC President. In November 2007 she received the Distinguished International Scholar Award from the American Society of Criminology.

Dr. Scott H. Decker is Professor and Director in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Arizona State University.  He received the BA in Social Justice from DePauw University, and the MA and PhD in Criminology from Florida State University.  His main research interests are in the areas of gangs, criminal justice policy, and the offender's perspective.  His most recent books include European Street Gangs and Troublesome Youth Groups (Winner of the American Society of Criminology, Division of International Criminology Outstanding Distinguished book award, 2006) and Drug Smugglers on Drug Smuggling: Lessons from the Inside (Temple University Press, 2008).  His forthcoming book (with Hugh Barlow) Criminology and Public Policy: Putting Theory to Work will be published in 2009 by Temple University Press.  
This comprehensive reference work presents an in-depth analysis on the juvenile justice systems of 19 different countries, both in EU-member states (old and new) and in the United States and Canada. The book is the result of research conducted by a group of outstanding scholars working in the field of juvenile justice. The book reflects a collective concern about trends in juvenile justice over the past two decades; trends that have begun to blur the difference between criminal and juvenile justice. The introduction highlights similarities and differences between the various systems, identifying three clusters of countries with a similar approach to juvenile justice. In particular, differences are found between the Anglo-Saxon countries, and continental Europe. The former have a more formal "justice" approach, with a strong emphasis on the accountability of juveniles, "just desert" principles, and retribution, while the latter still operate on a "welfare" philosophy. Two special systems, the Scottish Hearing system and the Scandinavian model, are presented as well.
By an excellent group of researchers from the field
About actual results of policy and practice
Possible alternatives suggested in some cases
Comparison between common law countries (traditionally more repressive) and the northern European countries

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